Japan, an island country is situated off the east coast of Asia. The Japanese territory is located in the region called Northeast Asia or East Asia, to the east of the Eurasian continent. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan, and the East China Sea.
It consists of a collection of islands that stretches for approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through the western North Pacific Ocean. Nearly the entire land area is taken up by the country’s four main islands; from north to south these are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Honshu is the largest of the four, followed in size by Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. The national capital, Tokyo, in east-central Honshu, is one of the world’s most populous cities.
Major cities: Osaka, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Yokohama, Kobe, Nagoya, Tokyo, & Hiroshima
Main Language: Japanese, Amami, Kyukyu, Kikai, &Miyako
Japan has four distinct seasons with a climate ranging from subarctic in the north to subtropical in the south. Northern Japan has warm summers and very cold winters. Eastern Japan has hot and humid summers and cold winters with very heavy snow, whereas Western Japan has very hot and humid summers with temperatures sometimes reaching 35 degreesC or above and moderate cold winters.
The economy of Japan is a highly developed social market economy. It is also referred to as the East Asian Model. The Japanese economy is the third-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Furthermore, it is also the world’s second-largest developed economy.
According to the IMF, the country’s per capita GDP (PPP) was at $51,809 (2023 data). Japan Exchange Group, the national stock exchange of Japan, is the world’s fifth-largest stock exchange in the world, by market capitalization. Japan also holds the world’s second-largest foreign-exchange reserves, worth $1.4 trillion. Japan is also the world’s fourth-largest consumer market.
- Electronics Industry
- Automotive Industry
- Japanese tourism industry
- GDP: – $4.4 trillion (nominal level, 2023 Estimate)
- $6.4 trillion (PPP, 2023 Estimate)
GDP per capita: $35,385 (nominal; 2023 estimate.) $51,809 (PPP; 2023 estimate.)
Currency: Japanese Yen ¥
The Government of Japan consists of the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches and is based on popular sovereignty. The government follows the framework established by the Constitution of Japan, adopted in 1947. It is a unitary state made of forty-seven administrative divisions, with the Emperor as its Head of State. His role is ceremonial and he has no powers related to the government. The government is basically run by the Ministers of state and the Prime Minister. The Cabinet has the executive power and is formed by the Prime Minister, who is the Head of Government. The Prime minister is nominated by the National Diet.